The Glaumbaer Museum, where it showcases an old turf village with an old church located at Skagafjordur. This is an open–air museum that consists of 12 rooms where you can take a peek at history about 100-200 years ago. The farmhouse (as some people call it) is rich in agricultural which shows how self-reliant and skillfull the old folks before. The usherettes (tour guides) and even the ticket seller are all in costumes to bring back the memories of the year where the farm was established. It simply reflects the rural Icelandic life back in the 18th and the 19th centuries.
This homestead was once owned by a couple, Thorfinn Karlsefni and Guðríður Thorbjarnardottir, who discovered the farm back in 11th century. At that time, when the family moved into this place, Guðríður has been a hermit and that was where their wealth originated. Their grand daughter Hallfrid, later had a son named Thorlak Runolfsson. He was then ordained as a bishop. This was the start of the large influence of the family, both religious and political.
Inside the Turf Houses of Glaumbaer Museum
Inside the turf houses are living history, and you can see old looms, ancient stuff and the like. These remind the people how simply dramatic Icelandic life has changed over the centuries. The cultural rich memories show upon how Iceland once has no theaters, coffeehouses, or even village squares, just simple home bound residences living through the long dark winters.
How The Houses Were Made
The building construction is composed of thin shells of wood that are separated from one another and the thick walls that are covered with turf along with the thick layer of turf with grasses on the roof act as an insulation to the building. Since the Icelandic grass grows quite thick and the roots and soil are strong enough to protect the house from the outside, these turf houses are very well preserved. They really last up centuries after centuries. The key is that the roof must be sloped and not too flat in order for water from rainfall not to leak on the roofs. During the dry season, the soil and grass dries up resulting to roof leaks as well, but with a little aid of water showers, it can withstand the dry season.
This is definitely one of Iceland’s precious possessions. A museum that tells history and yesterday’s story… The wonderful world hidden inside Glaumbaer Museum.